Addiction Rehabilitation or Drug rehabilitation
(often drug rehab or just rehab) is a term for the processes of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and narcotics such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines to name a few. The general intent is to enable the patient to cease substance abuse, in order to avoid the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences that can be caused, especially by extreme abuse. Treatment includes medication for depression or other disorders, counselling by trained experts and sharing of experience with other addicts.
Psychological dependency is addressed in many drug rehabilitation programs by attempting to teach the patient new methods of interacting in a drug-free environment. In particular, patients are generally encouraged, or possibly even required, to not associate with friends who still use the addictive substance. Twelve-step programs encourage addicts not only to stop using alcohol or other drugs, but to examine and change habits related to their addictions.
WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENS IN TREATMENT PROGRAMS?
The ARC treatment programmes begin with a clinical assessment of a person’s individual treatment needs. This assessment helps in the development of an effective treatment plan.
A medically prescribed detox is prescribed by the ARC doctor. This will be supervised by the 24 hour nursing staff at ARC’s private facility.
A Treatment Plan
The treatment team, along with the person in treatment, develops a treatment plan based on the assessment. A treatment plan is a written guide to treatment that includes the person’s goals, treatment activities designed to help him or her meet those goals, ways to tell whether a goal has been met, and a timeframe for meeting goals. The treatment plan helps both the person in treatment and treatment program staff stay focused and on track. The treatment plan is adjusted over time to meet changing needs and ensure that it stays relevant.
GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL COUNSELLING
At first, individual counselling generally focuses on motivating the person to stop using drugs or alcohol. Treatment then shifts to helping the person stay drug and alcohol free. The counsellor attempts to help the person.
People in treatment at ARC be asked to read certain things (or listen to audiotapes), to complete written assignments, or to try new behaviours.
EDUCATION ABOUT SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS
People learn about the symptoms and the effects of alcohol and drug use on their brains and bodies. Education groups use videotapes or audiotapes, lectures, or activities to help people learn about their illness and how to manage it.
LIFE SKILLS TRAINING
This training can include learning and practicing employment skills, leisure activities, social skills, communication skills, anger management, stress management, goal setting, and money and time management.
RELAPSE PREVENTION TRAINING
Relapse prevention training teaches people how to identify their relapse triggers, how to cope with cravings, how to develop plans for handling stressful situations, and what to do if they relapse. A trigger is anything that makes a person crave a drug. Triggers often are connected to the person’s past use, such as a particular situation or emotion.
ORIENTATION TO SELF-HELP GROUPS
Participants in self-help groups support and encourage one another to become or stay drug and alcohol free. Twelve-Step programs are perhaps the best known of the self-help groups. These programs include Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Cocaine Anonymous, and Marijuana Anonymous.
Members themselves, not treatment facilities, run self-help groups. In many places, self-help groups offer meetings for people with particular needs. You may find special meetings for young people, women, lesbian, gay and bisexual people, newcomers and those who need meetings in languages other than English.
Internet chat groups and online meetings are also available for some groups. The ARC treatment programme require attendance at self-help groups. By attending, many people make new friends who help them stay in recovery. ARC also encourages people to find a “sponsor,” that is, someone who has been in the group for a while and can offer personal support and advice.
Self-help groups are very important in most people’s recovery. It is important to understand, however, that these groups are not the same as treatment. There are self-help groups for family members, too, such as Al-Anon and Alateen.